D. In Sparta, women had more freedom while in Athens, women were not allowed to participate in democracy. Language Requirement IV. Army. During the Persian wars Athens developed a large, powerful navy in the eastern Mediterranean that destroyed the even larger Persian Navy at the Battle of Salamis. Indoctrination into this lifestyle began early. In the manner of neighboring city-states the backbone of the Athenian military on land was the hoplite. This is where it all begins, look to it for guidance. Boys would continue to go to a school until the age of 14, and then would either go to a higher educational school in philosophy or take military training in the army or navy. Accompanying every hoplite was a lightly armed attendant, either a poor citizen who could not afford a regular suit of armor (panoplia), or possibly a trusted slave.These attendants carried the hoplite's shield until the battle and most of the baggage. I recommend reading books on this period instead of using Quora. The Athenian army was no match for the size and effectiveness of the Spartan army, but what they lacked on land, they made up for at sea, with an innovation that completely changed the face of naval warfare and would make Athens the dominant naval power for a century or more. military training. In Sparta, conquest was used to get resources, while in Athens they used trade to get what they needed. B: shows a hoplite, which is the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta had this type of soldier. Athenian Military Handbook Description. The Athenian Army. Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. Spartan boys would start their education later , The focus for them was military training. AnaxandridesII (anaxandridesii) Tempest (hyacinthusi) Lists. By the age of 20, after several years of additional training after finishing the agoge at about age 16, a Spartan man was deemed ready to become part of the standing army of Spartan citizen soldiers. The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers, people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war. The key passage against Athenian military training, often quoted, is Xen., Mem., Ill, 12. Just so, what is not required for a citizen of Athens? These schools were similar in many ways to the schools Spartan boys attended, as it was the Spartan opinion that strong women produced strong babies, which would then grow into strong soldiers to serve the state.(1). Training was kind of a foreign concept in most of Greece through the 5th century BC. Loyalty IV. From then until the time they were 18, they were subject to harsh training and discipline. Socrates served as an Athenian hoplite, and distinguished himself in several important battles during the Peloponnesian war (431 ... We have a brief mention of Socrates’ service from Xenophon but also a longer portrayal of Socrates discussing military training and tactics, in a manner indicative of his past experience. 38°07′05″N 23°58′42″E  /  38.11806°N 23.97833°E  / 38.11806; 23.97833 Coordinates: 38°07′05″N 23°58′42″E  /  38.11806°N 23.97833°E  / 38.118: Result: Greek victory Persian forces conquer the Cycladic islands and establish control over the Aegean sea; … Self-Discipline V. Personal Health VI. 1 See answer nayday27 is waiting for your help. Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. How Ancient Sparta's Harsh Military System Trained Boys Into Fierce Warriors The Greek city-state imposed brutal training and contests that began at age 7. The national epic poems, Homer's Illiad and Odyssey, were mandatory teaching in all Athenian elementary schools. was up to their parents to arrange and pay for. They were trained to harden themselves to the elements. Historical accounts tell of Spartan boys as being allowed no shoes, very few clothes, and being taught to take pride in enduring pain and hardship.(1). Plat. Assemblies or groups of elite citizens sanctioned war, and generals (strategoi) came to be accountable for their actions and were often elected for fixed ter… ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. This is where it all begins, look to it for guidance. By the time the young Athenian males turned 18, they would give their oath to the Gods of the City, and join the city's army for a two full years of basic training. Sparta specialized in land conflict, and it was considered widely as the best and leading force of the Greek army. When starting the training, the officer hosting it must review with the Athenians: terms, commands, faces, and war chants learned in previous training to ensure maximum efficiency when it comes to enacting sed things. The problem was that this gave more power in the hands of the strategos, but it also made sure that policy of the city did remained consistent. (3), Athenian girls were not officially schooled, however. The emphasis of Athenian education was to prepare well-rounded citizens capable of performing whatever task was asked of them. The Athenians prided themselves with their art, philosophers, and poetry, but did have a strong military to protect and expand their city-state. C: describes the military training of Sparta and Athens. (1). The eponymous heroes were the patrons of the 10 Athenian tribes and the notice or call for these men to join the army would be attached to the monument base of these eponymous heroes in the Athenian agora. In fact, the distinctive approaches that Sparta and Athens took to combat embraced a wide range of tactics, only a few of which were tied to their traditional divide at the shoreline. The Athenian soldiers were required to serve two years, and from then on they could still be called upon to fight, but of course they wouldn't be regularly training anymore. At age 30, they became full citizens of Sparta, provided they had served honorably. Discipline as we know it was surprisingly rare. Boys from families that could afford it continued to remain in school for four more years. Those that passed became members of the Spartan military, and lived in barracks with the other soldiers. A generation after the establishment of democracy Athens became such a power under the influence of Themistokles. manu2168 manu2168 Are there any options New questions in History. From about 335 bc they underwent two years of military training under the supervision of an elected kosmetes and 10 sōphronistai (“chasteners”). E. In Sparta, slaves received military training while in Athens, slaves participated in the government. Unlike their Athenian counterparts, Spartan girls also went to school at age seven. Yet the Spartan and Athenian ways of war differed in far more than a simple preference for fighting on land rather than sea. Add your answer and earn points. Although many historians dispute that Lycurgus ever actually existed as a hum… At age 30, Spartan men are allowed to leave the barracks and live at home with their wife and kids. (as such only the very wealthy were hoplites in Athenian armies) On the plus side Athens had a far bigger population than … In the early stages of Greek Warfare in the Archaic period, training was haphazard and even weapons could be makeshift, although soldiers were usually paid, if only so that they could meet their daily needs.There were no uniforms or insignia and as soon as the conflict was over the soldiers would return to their farms. Training for the military began at age 7, … Group Links III. But even a trained and well-drilled army with bad morale can be crushed by spirited amateurs. This chapter is a fairly comprehensive account of the military forces of the Athenian democracy, and will likely be the most useful section of the book as a scholarly resource. led many to attribute Athenian military success to their political system. The same people could become strategos year after year, unlike as in many other Greek cities. The Athenian Navy consisted of 80,000 crewing 400 ships. Any training that Athenian children received in reading, writing, literature, music, etc. Until age 6 or 7, boys were taught at home by their mother or by a male slave. Young Athenian boys were tutored at home until the age of six or seven, and then they were sent to neighborhood schools for primary education until they were 14 years of age. Tactics are also a vague sort of topic. While no marvelous works of art or literature ever came of this system, it did accomplish the Spartan goal of producing elite soldiers. Young Athenian boys were tutored at home until the age of six or seven, and then they were sent to neighborhood schools for primary education until they were 14 years of age. Athens military training: in Athens boys were sent to school to learn reading, writing, math, and other things from the age of 6 to 17. I. The Spartans had the only standing army of the period and this was regimented and drilled to a degree not seen elsewhere. It’s clear from the surviving writings that Socrates was famous … INFOMATION _____ I. Athens army was a part time army, it was made up of part time soldiers who had to buy and supply their own equipment, because they all had other jobs they spent much less time training and as they brought their own equipment the standards between men varied greatly. In some city-states, like Sparta, all men were warriors and the women were trained warriors as well. All Athenian boys were expected to read heavily, however, as literature played a very important part in their education. How did the Spartan emphasis on military training differ from Athenian ideas on how to train young men? A. Spartan children had military training and studied foreign languages, whereas athenian children were encouraged in civic participation and religion. They were taught boxing, swimming, wrestling, javelin-throwing, and discus-throwing. Spartan was one of the divisions of inhabitants of Laconia, and the Spartan was well-known as the highest class in the society, they were the governors, rulers and soldiers. Encyclopedia Research. It was a law-package with politico-military, economic and social reforms. The Athenian military was the military force of Athens, one of the major city-states (poleis) of Ancient Greece. Source: plaza.ufl.edu. Throughout their adolescent and teenage years, Spartan boys were required to become proficient in all manner of military activities. The officer must ensure all the men are within a discord call. Ancient Athens was determined to produce thinkers (philosophers) and Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. One of the most major difference was military. Sparta Spartan soldiers. Training began at a young age and discipline was harsh, enabling the Spartans to field the most powerful land army on mainland Greece. Shield design: either individually chosen or representing clan, neighbourhood, or tribe ; Clothing and Jewellery. The main warships of the fleet were the triremes. Labels Chapter I Hoplitai Manual ___ Section I Recruiting. The entire citizen body was divided into 10 tribes, with one hero for each tribe. Athens government didn't have a high value on their military like Sparta did because Athenian boys only started training at the age of eighteen and training only lasted for two years. The Athenian boys started the education early; their focus was philosophy. They were required to continue serving the military, however, until age 60. Motivation and aggression were often quite high! The Spartan military was universally disliked, but they were also universally respected. He would live in the barracks with his fellow soldiers and could be called to war at any time by the Spartan state. However, over the course of the war these military cultures discernibly changed, leaving them more closely aligned. Their dramatic victories over the Boiotians and Chalkidians in 506 B.C. Mem. In The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus Thomas R. Henderson provides a new history of the Athenian ephebeia, a system of military, athletic, and moral instruction for new Athenian citizens. b. Spartan children were given education and participated in traditional roles, whereas Athenian children were taught physical fitness and discipline. In pitched battle, the army formed a single phalanx of 10,000 men, a kilometre wide, eight ranks deep, protected by a wall of overlapping shields with a hedge of spear-blades projecting above. Get an answer to your question “How did the Spartan emphasis on military training differ from Athenian ideas on how to train young men? Athens. V.67.2), Xenophon explicitly states that Athenian troops received no official training (see Xen. On the other hand, the goal of education in Athens, a democratic city-state, was to produce citizens trained in the arts of both peace and war. Members. Author: DOCUMENTS 2- Ancient Athenian and Spartan Military A: shows an Ancient Greek military fighting style called the phalanx , both Athens and Sparta used this fighting style. read more. Sadly, due to their focus on arts and literature over combat, the Athenian army was not the biggest or the strongest. An Athenian male has to train for two years in the military services while a Spartan male starts training at age 12 and spends many years training. 13. Such was the reputation of the Spartans army that scholars and tacticians in the present day still keenly study the battles and training methods of this army in universities and military academies around the world. (1) The Athenian Trireme. According to the legend, the Spartan law was written by the great lawmaker (Greek : νομοθέτης, nomothetis) Lycurgus. When boys turned 18 in Athens they were required to go to military school and learn how to fight in battle. Athenian Hoplite of the Persian Wars. Education - Education - Athens: Beginning at a date difficult to fix precisely (at the end of the 7th or during the 6th century), Athens, in contrast to Sparta, became the first to renounce education oriented toward the future duties of the soldier. he was elligble until the age of 60. Agariste was the great-granddaughter of the tyrant o… At age 20, Spartan men had to pass a series of demanding tests of physical prowess and leadership abilities. At age 18, regardless of social status, all Athenian boys were required to attend military school for two years, after which they were free to live out their lives as they saw fit. The fleet was made up of triremes, wooden warships that carried 170 rowers manning three banks of oars. In pitched battle, the army formed a single phalanx of 10,000 men, a kilometre wide, eight ranks deep, protected by a wall of overlapping shields with a hedge of spear-blades projecting above. Related Questions. Athenian war ship. After the two years of training, the Greek men would be inevitably liable for military service. Laws VIII.828e-834a, Rep. II.374b-d; Thuc. It was largely similar to other armies of the region. The schools were private, but the tuition was low enough so that even the poorest citizens could afford to send their children for at least a few years. What is a duty of older Athenian men? Culture during the rise of Athens . At a Glance. Pericles' mother, Agariste, a scion of the powerful and controversial noble family of the Alcmaeonidae, and her familial connections played a crucial role in starting Xanthippus' political career. II.39.1-4). Spartan boys started their military training at age 7, when they left home and entered the Agoge. Question Eight: The education of a Spartan boy and an Athenian Boy were greatly different. In Athens military training was only 2 years long, once boys turned 20 they graduated military school. With thousands of kilometers of coastline and hundreds of islands, the Greek world was likely to be dominated only by a naval power. The other advantage was a defined command structure. The backbone of the navy's manpower was a core of professional rowers drawn from the lower classes of Athenian society. Appearance. During those two years the first one they would be stationed in the city' s borders to train under the supervision of seasoned citizen-oplites, they were also given borderpolice duties. The Athenian men became the citizens after two years of military training. (1), At age 14, poorer boys usually stopped going to school and began apprenticeships at a trade. By the time the young Athenian males turned 18, they would give their oath to the Gods of the City, and join the city's army for a two full years of basic training. All Athenian citizens were expected to have military training, be educated, pay their taxes and serve Athens in times of war. Important Trellos II. The primary goal of Spartan education was to produce good soldiers. Respect II. The Athenian army was lead by ten generals who were commonly known as the strategos, who were each year chosen by the people's council. Members. In ancient Athens, the purpose of education was to produce citizens trained in the arts, to prepare citizens for both peace and war. Appearance. Plutarch mentions that Lycurgus (literally \"wolf-worker\") wrote the laws in order to make the city state of Sparta invincible, the Spartans fearless and law-abiding. At a Glance. In Athenian democracy, all … Get an answer to your question “How did the Spartan emphasis on military training differ from Athenian ideas on how to train young men? Boys went to school until eighteen, at which time they could choose to go to the military for two years or pursue another career. They both shared many of their beliefs and heroes, but they were very different when it came to their government. The eponymous heroes were the patrons of the 10 Athenian tribes and the notice or call for these men to join the army would be attached to the monument base of these eponymous heroes in the Athenian agora. Ephebus, in ancient Greece, any male who had attained the age of puberty.In Athens it acquired a technical sense, referring to young men aged 18–20. The boys were also taught how to play the lyre, sing, and do arithmetic. Pride III. They are to send a pending request to the army and purchase the uniform. But what of the Athenian who had completed his ephebic training and faced his further incredible forty years of military service ? Initially, Athenian and Spartan military cultures were at odds: a maritime versus a land power with strategies of exhaustion versus that of annihilation. I. All Athenian citizens had the right to vote in the Assembly, debate, own land and own slaves. The young men learned between the age of 8 and 18 of several subjects such as grammar, music, and art of public speaking. NEED HELP ASAP DUE 11:30PM ! There were no permanent school for higher education until 390 BC, when teachers like Aristotle began establishing academies for higher learning. First the negative evidence - or what is often thought to be that. This gave the Athenian fleets an advantage in training over the less professional fleets of its rivals. Account Requirement III. Athenian Military Handbook Description. Wikipedia: Athenian military. Discord Requirement II. The concept was that a soldier must learn stealth and cunning. 0 0. At the age of 30, they were allowed to live with their families but continued to train until the age of 60 when they retired from military service. This isn’t a question that can be answered in a few paragraphs, so the following is just a generalization. I recommend reading books on this period instead of using Quora. There were three people that participated in it,” Couch noted. “We have role players that set up different scenarios that officers may encounter, then our officers will use paint guns and protective gear to go out and address whatever the situation is. They were allowed to learn in the privacy of their own homes, but as a result, most Athenian women had primarily domestic educations. 1 Forces 1.1 Infantry 1.2 Cavalry 1.3 Navy 2 References 3 Sources The mainstay of the Athenian army, like practically all Greek armies, was the heavy armed infantry soldier, the hoplite. (3), During primary school, younger boys learned calisthenics and often were taught how to play ball games, while older boys were taught more military-type activities, such as running, boxing, and wrestling. Ancient Athenian society was very different from Spartan society. This isn’t a question that can be answered in a few paragraphs, so the following is just a generalization. 12. The primary goal of Spartan education was to produce good soldiers. From the very beginning, the Athenians were compelled to fight for their new democracy. Pericles was born c. 495 BC, in the deme of Cholargos just north of Athens.α[›] He was the son of the politician Xanthippus, who, although ostracized in 485–484 BC, returned to Athens to command the Athenian contingent in the Greek victory at Mycale just five years later. To make more soldiers for the future. Evolving from armed bands led by a warrior leader, city militia of part-time soldiers, providing their own equipment and perhaps including all the citizens of the city-state or polis, began to move warfare away from the control of private individuals and into the realm of the state. ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. Athens still had a large army, but unlike Sparta it didn't concentrate only just on military. These schools were usually private schools, but tuition costs were low enough that even most poor Athenians could afford to send their boys to school for at least a few years. What happens to a Spartan male at age 30? In Athens, the military was just one part of society. “I call it a training familiarization program. Barry Williams—Getty Images. The remainder of the book is a series of shorter chapters on particular topics related to the Athenian democracy and war. The remainder of the book is a series of shorter chapters on particular topics related to the Athenian … The entire citizen body was divided into 10 tribes, with one hero for each tribe. This chapter is a fairly comprehensive account of the military forces of the Athenian democracy, and will likely be the most useful section of the book as a scholarly resource. Over 24,000 soldiers every year go through U.S. Army basic training at Fort Benning. At the age of 18, Spartan boys had to go out into the world and steal their food. Somewhat ironically, women in Sparta had much more independence than women in other city-states, partially because their husbands never lived at home, and partially because Spartans had tremendous respect for Spartan mothers. The training session is the latest sign that the U.S. military is expanding its presence in Greece, which U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo recently called a “critical ally” in the region.