What should I read to further my understanding of your affiliation? Lange vs the Economic Calculation Problem (ECP)). Check out his book with Guattari 'New Lines of Alliance, New Spaces of Liberty' (older editions are titled 'Commumists Like Us', and check out 'Empire' and 'Multitude' with Hardt. They then managed to coordinate the poll tax protests in the late 80s that toppled Margaret Thatcher. I also want to be clear that although I think this is the best way to go, it is not the most complete way to go. On the problem of global warming for instance - a global collection of local communities is quite frankly a terrible solution. And then his most important contribution, the theory of the Degenerated Workers' State, which is that the USSR became a dictatorship because of shortages due to the failure of the western revolutions, resulting in bureaucrats having a great deal of power as they had control over rationing. Rejecting ideological dogmatism means to be open-minded towards all ideologies and avoid strictly following a single ideology. I think it's very important to remain critical of which forms of oppression reside in the latter group. /r/askphilosophy aims to provide serious, well-researched answers to philosophical questions. The Prophet series by Isaac Deutscher is a good biography of Trotsky. Marxism-Leninism vs. Trotskyism. Maoist leaning Marxists such as Louis Althusser, Samir Amin, are good as well too. Trotskyism is the worst enemy of communism. The Bolsheviks were self-professed Social Democrats. save hide report. the anti-socialist works of Mises) that way you could figure out for yourself on how to refute those criticisms or to figure out how socialism could survive the issue presented (e.g. Lenin's important innovations include the idea of a vanguard party, permanent revolution, etc. Lenin wrote enough writings on denouncing Trotskys theories that an entire book can be filled with them. Trotskyism. Yes, you heard that right. One of the two main branches of Leninism; developed upon by Leon Trotsky, co-leader of the Russian Revolution and founder of the Red Army. Time Warp By Gerry Downing Weekly Worker June 18 2020 More defence of the Renegade from The Jacobin, April 2019; Luise and Karl Kautsky, 1902, Why Kautsky Was Right (and… By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. It is an invaluable historical analysis of the development of Marxist thought. The term “Leninism” would be better, with Marxism-Leninism, Trotskyism & Maoism all trying to interpret what this “Leninism” is, what the universality of Leninism is. Marxist critical theory, for instance, looks at cultural objects (movie tropes, art movements, pretty much anything) to try to tease out what they tell us about the conditions of our lives in general. 4. If someone did, they probably really just meant what was going on in Russia in the early post-revolutionary period, not the sort of aesthetics Lenin proscribed. I think it's a magnificent way to to solve problems of alienation, but it truthfully does not reach every hierarchy or issue. V.I. Situationism and Autonomism, for example. Trotskyists oppose strongly "Stalinism" and its related ideologies. I think my "Kronstadt moment" would probably be Eugene Debs' imprisonment and subsequent anti-communist rhetoric in the US. Do you also want to see the state of Israel destroyed/ withered away? I believe that many branches of discrimination stem from class (race, gender) and many do not (homophobia, animal rights). Read 3 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. I do intend to reply to comrade Ian’s article above more fully in a short while, when I have gathered together more material from both Trotsky and Lenin. His book 'Society of the Spectacle' describes how the contemporary world reproduces itself, economically, politically, socially, and culturally. 33% Upvoted. Read Marx, Lenin and Mao of course but also you can read literature by the Indian, Filipino, Peruvian, Turkish and Nepal Maoists. I do, however, see merit in understanding the history and different theories within socialist thought. This includes the anti-socialist works (e.g. Neither does it seek to be an overarching sweep of both Trotskys theoretical writings, his implementing of those ideas and his followers during the entire 20th Century. Pros and cons of each? Speech Delivered at a joint Meeting of Communist Delegates to the Eighth Congress of But the main difference among them is the timing of the "Kronstadt moment." An uncensored place to discuss, challenge and debate communists. Marxism-Leninism vs. Trotskyism. Report. Particular books from Lenin and Trotsky I'd suggest are The State and Revolution from Lenin, and The Revolution Betrayed by Trotsky. Things by the MLMRSG are good too. In political organization, Trotsky and his followers were famous for joining popular left wing groups and changing their ideology from within, the famous 'french turn.' Log in. I'm a democratic socialist. I think that in order to achieve a communist system, it has to disregard Marx's dictatorship of the proletariat or Lenins Vanguard party. Trotsky argued that the proletariat, upon achieving state power, would "be unable to contain itself" even generally to the historical tasks of the bourgeoisie and thus would inevitably need to press on to socialism upon the achievement of the basics of the democratic revolution, rather than more or less waiting around for another generation or … What would Trotsky have done differently and to what effect? "Trotskyism is not a new movement, a new doctrine, but the restoration, the revival, of genuine Marxism as it was expounded and practised in the Russian revolution and in the early days of the Communist International." All of those -isms are entangled in some rather arcane mazes of philosophical questions. Leninism vs Trotskyism? Stalinism really deals with the statecraft theories of Josef Stalin. The basic idea is to reject dogmatism. Didn't Stalin implement more socialist policies? they have not been applying science. (what does it stand for or advocate) 2. I'll also add, as you hinted at, that this is only a slice of the cake that is Marxism. Trotskyism consists of positions similar to Leninism, but differs with it in one key area: the mass basis of the proletarian state. When that didn't happen, Stalin tried to develop a socialism that could compete with Western capitalism. Why will it be successful in the future? For instance, one of the biggest is whether or not violence is necessary to attain such an end, and if so, when and how to go about it. I believe you previously referenced Zionism as a form of self-defense. Rejecting personal dogmatism means to avoid treating an individual theorist as if the theorist were an infallible prophet. Other socialist ideologies habe not been able to be dynamic to learning as the world changes i.e. What Is Trotskyism? Cookies help us deliver our Services. He's probably most famous for the idea of 'socialism in one country.' Great meme, The best is when the tankies say stalin was preparing for a war and then the war starts, stalin has a panic attack and gives no orders to generals and the Germans get to the outskirts of Moscow and are sieging petrograd, and its like 10/10 preparation. Post- May 1968 (and pre to an extent) - when a wave of struggles, particularly in France kicked off - we see the growth of more post-positivist-y Marxian movements and schools. Has done a lot of work with Michael Hardt in recent years. The person might also have a greater chance of becoming idealistic, placing priority on ideology or a theorist rather than on objective reality. a science. Though I would say you should think of Leninism as sort of spawning Stalinism. What Is Trotskyism? 1. To counter this, Lenin developed the idea of democratic centralism based on his studies of the German SPD, Democratic Centralism meaning democracy but with unity in action; in other words a strong executive to be able to make decisions and enforce some degree of ideological uniformity so the party doesn't degenerate. The journals Sic and Endnotes are big on the Communisation scene. Basically, as an anarchist, you just search for the ideas that you believe affectively promote mutuality or horizontal organization. Some(thankfully a tiny minority) still have yet to have a Kronstadt moment. Many trends are just not equipped to deal with questions such as how do revolutionaries win the people over, how are wars won, revolutionaizing social relations and having people being fully involved in this process and etc. And of course from Lenin you get the idea of the DotP identified with Workers' Councils. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. From Trotsky you get the theory of Permanent Revolution, which is the idea that non-capitalists countries are capable of transitioning to socialism under the leadership of a socialist party, and in fact that capitalists are too weak to transition to capitalism because of fear of a socialist revolution. Fuck dogma. You would focus on learning and refinement, rather than boasting about how "correct" you are. And even more recently we have the emergence of Communisation theory (seeing communism as a process, not program). Democratic centralism are the advantages of Leninism whereas Socialism advantages are Absence of business fluctuations, Absence of monopolistic practices, Better welfare, Economic growth, Greater efficiency. How has it been successful? I like the term "mutualism" (because I advocate for mutuality), but the more accurate label of the philosophy I follow might be "anarchism without adjectives" or "pragmatism" ("anarcho-pragmatism" if you really want to put the anarchist label into it). The Communist Party of the Soviet Union began life in 1898 as the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. What are the downfalls of other socialist ideologies? Its a couple of essays, the first is really good as both a critique of Leninism and co as well as capitalisms and states. What is your -ism? Well, that's usually the big disagreement; How do we get there and what does organically mean? It's so interwoven with Kolakowski's [justified] anti-Stalinism that it tends to infect his writing on other Marxists in an attempt at demonstrating an underlying/hidden 'evil' Marxism of which Stalinism is the logical conclusion. Ot how the counter-revoliution is dressed up as revolution via Karl Kautsky, Hal Draper, Lars T Lih and the Jacobin magazine, to mention a few. Trotskyism is very dogmatic and cannot take into consideration new developments in the world scene. The people will decide, but the people need to have an informed opinion on what is best. He threw out Lenin's New economic policy and started his five year plan and collectivizing agriculture. Nice summary. There will be disagreement, but we can't have a discussion unless we both have an idea of how to go forward. Start with this document by the Indian Maoists: http://www.signalfire.org/2013/01/13/hold-high-the-bright-red-banner-of-marxism-leninism-maoism-2004/, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the DebateaCommunist community. Press J to jump to the feed. Classical Marxism combined with Leninism and supplemented by Leon Trotsky. Log in or sign up to leave a comment log in sign up. (what does it stand for or advocate). BOOK REVIEW "TROTSKYISM OR LENINISM?" He's usually invoked to describe an era in Russian history. He influenced a fuck tonne of people lots. 6 years ago | 63 views. Soon, however, he changed his mind and moved to Moscow. The Bolsheviks had assumed that other countries, especially more advanced industrial countries, would have their own revolutions soon after Russia. It's not exactly the ideologies them that are bad, imo, but dogmatism. Trotskyism is distinguished by a belief in 'permanent revolution'. 5. Cookies help us deliver our Services. However, he was being inconsistent in his concern for lack of democracy. 6 years ago | 63 views. Playing next. It was critical in alerting the world to the fact that the post-Lenin USSR was a dictatorship. This might be better for Explain Like I'm Five but, as far as I know... Marxism is a huge field that influenced pretty much every branch of philosophy. Individuals and organizations who behave this way may have a greater chance of developing an affective strategy. Let us examine the intricate differences between socialism, Marxism, Stalinism, Leninism, and communism in order to obtain a better understanding of one of the most interesting themes in … The general agreement is that Marx identified ‘class struggle’ in history; all of history is … 5 comments. His major contribution to the communist theoretical body was the theory of permanent revolution, essentially the antithesis to Stalin's "socialism in one country" model. It's important to note that Marxism is still alive and well. (ex. I basically see it like this: in any political movement, praxis (the fusion of ideology and practice) is of utmost importance. Press J to jump to the feed. I don't mean in the theories of each of these scholars himself, but rather how are the terms are used in contemporary political theory, as in 'he was a Leninist thinker...' The same way we might call AJ Simmons a "Lockean" or Rawls a "Kantian" (the accuracy of those labels being of course beside the point). Trotskyism is the political ideology and branch of Marxism developed by Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky.Trotsky self-identified as an orthodox Marxist and Bolshevik–Leninist.He supported founding a vanguard party of the proletariat, proletarian internationalism and a dictatorship of the proletariat based on working class self-emancipation and mass democracy. Read everything that's associated with socialism. If we get into an argument about whether workers can run … Available free from their site. What about the younger folk among us who never thought the Soviet Union would lead to communism because it clearly hasn't? Trotskyism is the main form of non-Stalinist socialism at the moment. The means ARE the ends. TL;DR Why should I be a ----ist? Trotskyism is much much more popular in imperialist centres. So Marxism refers to both what Marx thought and how to interpret him. — James P. Cannon (1944) Resources For Trotskyists. I consider myself an anarcho-syndicalist. Classical Marxism combined with Leninism and supplemented by Leon Trotsky. What does organizing from below mean in concrete terms? Trotsky is associated with ideas like the deformed workers state (a non-socialist, but also non-capitalist state). J.V. In practice this means the Marxian critique of Capitalism, Historical Materialism, and the concept of class struggle, plus the desire for a socialist society based on state ownership and workers' control, ultimately to a communist society in which the state will be rendered unnecessary. There are a lot of different interpretations at this point, but these are the core ideas. Social Democracy has been unsuccessful for obvious reasons, and Stalinism has collapsed. After the February Revolution, on June 12 th 1917, P.A. The latest CPGB-ML leaflet on Trotskyism is a valuable resource to explain why: Yesterday, the Guardian asked whether Marxism was ‘on the rise’ in Britain – and then went on to give a nice fat advert to the fake left’s annual diversionary jamboree, not-so-affectionately known round our way as ‘Trotfest’ (sorry, “Marxism 2012′). Books I would suggest are The Revolutionary Ideas of Karl Marx by Alex Callinicos, and From Class Society to Communism by Ernest Mandel, both of which contain an adequte and concise summary of Trotskyism. Browse more videos. FAR RIGHT, extreme right, hard right, radical right, and ultra-right are terms used to discuss the qualitative or quantitative position a group or person occupies within right-wing politics. Guy Debord, big Situationist guy. I think we need to just agree that we want a classless, stateless, moneyless society and to get there organically. This critique of Trotskyism doesn’t wish to be a critique of Trotskyism and Trotskys theoretical writings. These contributions are revolutionary vanguardism, democratic centralism, emphasis on the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, and the theory of modern Imperialism. 11 thoughts on “ Mature Leninism-Trotskyism vs Stalinist sophistry ” Chris Barratt says: 11/02/2018 at 13:51. Main Currents of Marxism is a pretty good history but I have two concerns with it: OP could probably get the gist of what they're looking for by reading some selected source material which wont require a 400ish page commitment. What are the downfalls of other socialist ideologies? 3. The second volume of Kołakowski's Main Currents of Marxism covers this issue in great detail. Leading to it not having the capability to make a revolution in the first place. Stalin, 1879-1953, was able to meet and saw off this challenge, to the extent that Trotskyism became a marginal, exterior tendency in relation to the communist movement. by Harpal Brar, London, 1993 INTRODUCTION "Lenin's methods lead to this: the party organisation first substitutes itself for the party as a whole; then the Central Committee substitutes itself for the organisation; and finally a single 'dictator' substitutes himself for the Central Committee..... "This evil-minded and morally repugnant suspicion of … In this period of ideological confusion, the Trotskyites are bound to come forward with scraps of pompous, high-sounding, empty, obscure and bombastic catchphrases which confuse the intelligentsia and non-class-conscious workers, in an attempt to fill the ideological vacuum and to pass off Trotskyism as Leninism. Rather than focusing on "ideology," you instead focus on different individual ideas or concepts from different ideologies and take the ideas that make sense to you and disregard the ideas that currently do not make sense to you (but still remaining open towards them). Good old communists and their disrespect for property. The Origins of Trotskyism All national economic development was affected by the laws of the world market, even though such regional factors as location, population, available resources, and … I don't know if it will be successful in the future, or if it should. Trotsky believed that the Communist Revolution should continue nonstop until the entire world was united in a worker's paradise. Gilles Dauve, key Communisation theorist. Anarchism exists too, but since it's anti-reform and anti-electoral any gains it makes tend to fall apart outside of any non-revolutionary situation. How has it been successful? That covers the anarcho-communist stint. If you're meeting a random communist from US, Canada, England, etc … It must be built from the bottom-up. Trotskyism or Leninism? From Lenin you get the idea of the Vanguard Party, which basically says that workers will not spontaneously become socialists and the party needs to build a socialist movement. Not to mention that the biggest revolutionary Communist movement in the world is in India led by Maoists. It was not, however, State Capitalism since while the workers didn't control the means of production, Bureaucrats also didn't actually own them either. Why will it be successful in the future? Lenin shared Trotsky's ideal of worldwide Communism, but believed it was more pragmatic to consolidate the victories in the Russian Revolution rather than actively spreading military revolution to other countries. They were able to use this power to gradually subvert Lenin and then in 1928 seize power under Stalin. In his ‘Where is Britain Going?’, written in 1925, he defended Lenin’s dictatorship on the grounds that a strong leader was essential after the 1917 Revolution. You instead recognize that the theorist is a fallible human being who could be wrong about certain things. Trotsky: An Introduction. Sign up. Their theory and practice seem quite different. book. For Trotskyists it was in the late 1920s, when Trotsky lost the leadership struggle against Stalin. I also heard this point first from Zizek (who is kind of disillusioned by self-management in some ways due to growing up in Yugoslavia). Trotskyism of all sorts is the forefront of the bourgeois ideology of the denial of communism in the era of the end of imperialism and the victorious communist revolutions. I'm on thw toilet right now and need a shower before my shift in 20 minutes, so I'll just quickly recommend some works to check out to get a flavour of some more recent Marxian thought (and better than flawed Leninist type aapproaches, imo): Antonio Negri, big Autonomist guy. Trotskyism = Put simply, counter-Stalinism. No theory eclipses the world. Trotsky believed a socialist revolution was ever evolving with all nations of the earth. There are a lot of -isms within Socialism. 5. 4. Trotskyism manifests itself in three hypostases: Ultimately, Marxist philosophy comes down to the belief that the values, aesthetics and cultural content of a society come down to material factors (how valuable things are created and distributed). Trotskyist). All political beliefs are welcome. I have been reading and researching pretty consistently for almost a year now. The most notable success has probably been that of Militant Tendency in the UK, which in pursuing the United Front strategy joined the Labour Party and managed to seize control of it from about 1979-1985. Along with that you get the concept of imperialism and the union bureaucracy, which basically says that reformism develops from union leaders seizing privileges for themselves which are subsidized via financial exploitation of weaker countries. Marx, Lenin, Trotsky. In 1903, at the party’s 2nd Congress, Lenin, Trotsky, and Stalin split their Bolshevik faction from their rival Mensheviks. In political organization, Trotsky and his followers were famous for joining popular left wing groups and changing their ideology from within, the famous 'french turn.'. Trotsky was no democrat. It was critical in the formation of the New Left. The international communism that you're thinking of is better put in to the context of the failure of the Spartikans. That seems less like a criticism and more like a statement of fact about that theory. Search. Time Warp By Gerry Downing Weekly Worker June 18 2020 More defence of the Renegade from The Jacobin, April 2019; Luise and Karl Kautsky, 1902, Why Kautsky Was Right (and… I can look up some examples if necessary, but what immediately comes to mind is a blurb about Marx's theory of exploitation implying that the nationalization of industry would/could still maintain exploitation. I would like to see the various affiliations of socialists answer and respond to: 1. "The liberation of the workers can come only through the workers themselves. An anarcho-syndicalist will have no inherent ideological stake in global warming that is NECESSARILY different from a democratic socialist, or cleptocrat, or theocrat. Trotskyism has lead 0 revolutions, Marxism-Leninism has lead somewhere between 1 and 10 depending on how you wanna call it. Most of Stalin's economic policies were originally developed by Trotsky and the Left of the CPSU, at a time when Stalin was a supporter of the Right. One of the myths perpetrated by the Trotskyites, with not inconsiderable help from the imperialist bourgeoisie, is that Leninism and Trotskyism are synonymous, that Trotsky was, after Lenin, the most brilliant and greatest Bolshevik (some even implying that Lenin was a great Trotskyist); that Trotsky was the true inheritor of Leninism and a worthy successor to Lenin, but w For Anarchists and some extremely foresighted observers, the "Kronstadt moment" actually was the Kronstadt uprising in 1921--when Trotsky suppressed the Red Sailors and Lenin restored capitalism. Library. Next is the idea of "transitional demands" which is a tactic of putting forward reforms which sound good to the average person but are so radical as to be nearly impossible to implement under capitalism, this is supposed to steer workers towards socialism. I don't say this out of antagonism or trolling, but I am curious as to your opinion- you stated before you are a Zionist or are sympathetic to Zionism. Leninism is a much narrower label that applies to a theory of political science. I consider myself an anarchist, because I value freedom as well as equality. It starts with each but of course doesn't end with them but is reinforced by learning more experiences i.e. Trotskyism is, in some ways, bizarrely, closer to Stalinism than Leninism. Leninism: The name of the expansionary form of Marxism developed by Vladimir Lenin. Matters are not made any easier because when we approach Marxism as an ideology, there is a certain quest for purity – a ‘pure’ Marxist view (which is, obvious to most academics, not really possible). Trotsky is associated with ideas like the deformed workers state (a non-socialist, but also non-capitalist state). A point quasi-related to this is that he sometimes goes as far as making criticisms that are hard to see as actual criticisms. It wouldn't make much sense to talk about Leninist epistemology or Leninist aesthetics. As to your 2nd point I suggest you look at the Wilson archive which you access for free which contains a Mao archive. Alongside Marxism-Leninism as expounded in the former Soviet Union, there arose another point of view expressed by Stalin’s opponent Leon... Trotsky’s theory of “permanent revolution” held that, historically, an economic system had to be seen as a world system rather than a national one. Any Trotskyists, Leninists, Stalinists, Maoists? I view the syndicalist aspect as a pragmatic way of bringing about change in our current neo-liberal world.