If it says anything other than cool or warm, then you will shrink your wool items. Remove bag(s) of wool. Turn the machine to the last spin cycle. to protect them from agitation and friction that can cause pilling. Select Your Cycle: Select the woolens or delicate cycle on your washing machine and make sure the water temperature is cold and the spin is on low. We don’t all have the same amount of space (or budget) to dedicate to a fleece washing setup. Your mileage may vary, but the theory is that if the dirt it towards the outside of the bag, it will be able to find its way out of the bag, rather than being trapped inside. Link in bio for our spec, Overnight Soak with Power Scour in cool water, let sit 10-12 hours, Wash #1 with Power Scour in hot water; let sit 20-25 mins, Wash #2 with Power Scour in hot water; let sit 20-25 mins, Wash #3 with Power Scour in hot water; let sit 20-25 mins, Rinse #1 with no detergent in hot water; let sit 20-25 mins, Rinse #2 with Fiber Rinse in hot water; let sit 20-25 mins. There's a difference between allowing the wool to swish and agitating. Mango. 2. Remove wool carefully, supporting it well. (Refer to drying instructions as explained in step 8 above. To wash a full fleece in the washing machine, I use Era with 1 3/4 cups detergent for the detergent bath and about a cup of white vinegar for the vinegar bath. If your setup doesn’t include a washing machine with a working spin cycle, a spin dryer made by The Laundry Alternative or Panda is a great way to remove the bulk of the water from the fleece and will greatly speed up the drying process. Likewise, they may be washed with Unicorn Fiber Wash rather than the harsher Power Scour. Always fill the washer with the very hottest water (set hot water heater to 140 degrees if possible), ad in the soap and agitate. This removes most of the water. Let it dry away from heat, sun, pets, and any further agitation on your part. Put the wool in the first rinse bath and gently push it down until it is covered. Fill machine with 160*F or hotter water. The Unicorn Fibre products consistently produce a clean, soft hand that is free of lanolin yet doesn’t feel harsh or overly scoured. Thankfully, some wool can go in your washing machine! Close lid on wash machine, set timer for 20-25 minutes and walk away. Contact us for an estimated time to expect your finished items. They do make it easier to felt though. You will be able to take a stinky, greasy, dirty sheep fleece and turn it into lovely, clean wool, ready for spinning, carding or felting! Turn off washing machine. Let the wool soak for another five or ten minutes, with no agitation at all. Finish drying on a towel. Add one tablespoon of Unicorn Power Scour per 8 gallons of water and stir in. Add wool, several pounds is fine. Give this wool a cold water soak (in its bag, of course) for a day before washing it--no detergent is needed in this presoak. Here are some of the answers to common questions about machine washing and hand washing … Remove bag(s) of wool. Can I Machine Wash Wool? When using an old washing machine, a working spin cycle definitely helps to remove the dirt and dirty water between each step in the process. Otherwise, add it when the rinse cycle begins. For a couple pounds of raw wool, you can use a bucket or sink. Let soak for 20 minutes. You will have noticed that space is an issue when washing wool. Drain and rinse the basins. Turn OFF washer. However, fleece with extraordinarily dirty or tightly closed tips may still have dirt in them. Lay the fleece out on your surface and do your best to recreate fleece as it was on the animal. To wash the wool and remove it from the water, support it well as you lift it carefully from the water. Your washing machine may have special settings for washing doonas and blankets. Depending on the weather, it will dry completely in one to three days. Open the door and put the dirty wool into it, add wool cleaner, shut the door, the water will into the machine automatically, select the washing time(usually 30 minutes),the machine will , Our Holiday Sale is live! Unicorn Power Scour. Locks will open and separate easiest while they are warm and moist just after the final rinse. Immerse the wool slowly and let it soak for ten minutes so the dirt can loosen. Redwood. If the cleaning tag says hand wash only, then avoid the washing machine altogether. Fill machine with 160*F or hotter water. Lift the wool carefully as in step three, gently squeeze out the excess water, and lay the wool on a clean dry towel to drain. SKIRT. ; Add vinegar. Lay a clean, dry towel out on a … Vegetable matter is also typically easier to spot when moist, so this is also a good time to pick out large chunks of VM that did not wash out, See table above for recommended quantities of water, detergent, and fleece. Once the towel has soaked up a good deal of the water, you can speed drying by moving the wool to a fresh dry towel. Add Unicorn Power Scour and stir in. Add liquid detergent as if for a very dirty load of jeans. If your water heater does not produce water at 160 degrees Fahrenheit, you may need to supplement the water in your tub by boiling water on the stove. When you are washing your wool clothing or bedding, just double-check the water temperature. We’re tossi, Today is Small Business Saturday! Treat your wool items carefully and they should last you a … If you wish, at this time, you may add moth-repellent essential oils such as lavender during this second rinse cycle. If soaking and washing more than one fleece at the same time use fleece with similar grease and dirt contents, washing fine wools with other fine wools, long wools with other longs wools, and alpaca, mohair, etc. Wash $6.50/lb Re-wash $4.00/lb Fine wash $9.75/lb Skirting $25.00/hour Pi As long as you’ve got the wool sweater tightly compacted inside the mesh bag and the bag itself is also tightened down, the express cycle on the machine will be just fine. Our equipment consists of a dedicated washing machine, dedicated hot water heater, and a custom-built drying cabinet. Walk away. This is Henry’s wool scouring method that he has refined through years of tinkering, with the goal being to consistently produce a clean wool fleece while being as efficient as possible with his time and the amount of soap and water used. Let your fleece drape back into the water...no need to bunch it up. Fleece will dry faster with more air movement – large clumps will take much longer to dry. Most wool will shrink if you don't wash and dry it properly. It is essential to remember that exposing raw wool to heat and agitation will cause it to “felt”. Use a timer to stay on top of the process so that too much time doesn’t lapse and the water temperature does not fall below 140*F. Agitation or movement of the wool while in the hot water will result in felting. Fill machine with 160*F or hotter water. (Pixabay) When it comes to blankets and doonas that contain wool, use a woollen or handwash program with cold water. STOP AGITATION, press wool into the water and let soak for 15 mins. Soak In Cold Water. Do not forget this final step of turning the water heater back down to normal temperature as someone may scald themselves with water at the hotter temperature. Spin out washing machine and drain water. Henry experimented with a variety of them and found the most consistent results for a wide variety of breeds to come from Power Scour. Fill them both with warm water the same temperature as the baths you just emptied, or slightly hotter. The standby or waiting time between each wash will vary depending on equipment, but 20-25 minutes has been the sweet spot for each of the combinations that Henry has used so far. It is up to you to decide whether to wash them together or separately. Close lid on wash machine, set timer for 20-25 minutes and walk away. Agitate wool as little as possible. If not, split the fleece vertically (down the spine) or horizontally (across the middle of the back) to get to even amounts in each bag. Depending on the breed, how it was sheared, and how much skirting took place, one bag may hold an entire fleece. If you machine-dry wool on high-heat, it may shrink drastically. While our guide below provides recommended ratios of water, Power Scour, and fleece, the key principle seems to be matching the amount of water and Power Scour used, rather than the amount of wool. Our Eco-Wise Wool blankets and throws undergo an anti-felting treatment, so not only are they washable, but they get softer with every wash. The last piece of equipment is a tool for keeping the fleece together in the water. Skirt and bag fleece. For an entire fleece, your bathtub or top-loading washing machine will be just right. Once you have skirted this side of the fleece, flip it over (doing your best to keep it intact) and check over the other side. Some fleece may require splitting into thirds or fourths, depending on the size of the fleece, the bag, and your wash tub. Agitate wool as little as possible. Long wools or less greasy wools may come clean with two rather than three washes; Henry has found it most efficient to wash all wools with the same method as this tends to result in the fewest re-washes. Leg, neck, and britch wool often have a different crimp and fineness than the rest of the “blanket” or “prime” part of the fleece. Use … Food warmers are also excellent vessels for dyeing. However, a disadvantage, which emerges during washing, is the felting tendency. A good scour requires moisture, heat, and agitation as well, in the presence of a detergent. Once the fleece is bagged, tuck the drawstring inside the bag so that it doesn’t get stuck on the agitator in the wash machine or anywhere else in the process. Excerpted from the books Hands On Spinning and More Magic Wool. At the proper washing temperature, water will cause burns so investing in a pair of thick rubber gloves is necessary. Spin out washing machine and drain water. The water you will be working with is hot enough to cause instant burns; eliminating potential snags and hazards in the name of safety is always a good idea. The closer the water heater is to the wash tub or washing machine, the better. However, some wool garments may have already been pre-shrunk, so you can machine dry them on medium heat without risking additional shrinkage. Examine the fleece well while it is on the skirting table and note how tight the tips are and if they are caked in dirt. – and marking the water level on the inside of the tub. Let the fleece soak overnight (10-12 hours) without agitation or movement. Wool can be machine washed on a wool-program. Don’t use a front load washing machine with wool. Add 3 times your normal amount of laundry detergent or better yet, about 1/4 cup of inexpensive shampoo, like Suave Lavender, and agitate to dissolve. Spin out washing machine and drain water. Otherwise, gently press the bags of wool against the side or bottom of the sink so most of the water runs out. Wool can definitely be washed in hot water; it can even be boiled! Blending Boards are back in stock in five flavors, A sneak peek at this quarter’s Good Clean Fiber, Juniper. Add Wool & Cashmere Shampoo according to the machine type and load size. Leave it there for five minutes, and then repeat in the second rinse bath. Spin out washing machine and drain water. This is pretty important factor, take my word for it or if you need to have more detailed information I highly recommend reading Scour Wool Like a Boss written by: Mary Egber I recommend using Unicorn Power Scour. I, Our Cyber Monday Flash Sale is live! Running a fan or a dry breeze will help to dry the fleece but can also cause it to blow away. Henry’s method of washing wool will remove all the lanolin from a fleece. The amount of water and soap to use is best discovered through trial and error. When starting each wash, it is imperative that you begin with a water temperature at or above 160*F so that it does not drop below 140*F before the next wash or rinse. Alpaca is inherently dusty and benefits from multiple overnight soaks and spinouts prior to beginning the wash routine. Some other things you can do to avoid felting are to never run water directly on the wool, and never vary the temperature of the wash and rinse baths. Close lid on wash machine, set timer for 30 minutes or longer and walk away. When working with exceptionally dirty fleece, you may want to open the tips with either a Lock Pop or a flicker between the first and second wash. Bagging the fleece not only keeps it together, but prohibits you from seeing the fleece, which will go a long way towards keeping you from being tempted to play with or agitate it once it is under the water. Remove bag(s) of wool. gloves Join us live on, Happy Thanksgiving, from our family to yours! Supplies. Felting requires moisture, heat, and agitation of the wool. NEVER use the agitation cycle when wool is in the washer. When washing in cold weather, we recommend filling the tub with hot water before beginning the first wash, to raise the temperature of the tub and reduce the loss of heat. Fill machine with 160*F or hotter water. A Washing Receptacle appropriate to the amount of wool you will be washing. My method is all done by hand as I don’t trust my front-loading washing machine, but there are some methods that make quicker work of this process by using spin and rinse cycles. Turn off washing machine. Depending on breed and washing technique, the fiber may seem matted after the final rinse. Remove bag(s) of wool and set them on your drying rack. The washing process consists of an overnight soak, three separate washes, and two rinses. Now is the time to separate and/or remove any unwanted parts of the fleece. Small, barb e d scales cover the surface of wool fibers. Spin out washing machine and drain water. Copyright © 2020 Clemes & Clemes, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Add bag(s) of wool, using plunger to make sure wool is entirely under water. Don’t wring or twist the wool. Step 1. Instructions: Resist pulling apart or handling it while it is wet. The process consists of skirting and bagging the fleece, three washes, two rinses, and drying. Remove wool from bags and spread out on drying rack as thinly as possible with the space available. At this point, the lanolin has been removed so there is no concern for maintaining the temperature. We wash over a hundred fleece a year, but everything in this method is scalable down to washing just a couple of pounds. A bathtub or deep kitchen sink works almost as well as a wash machine – especially if made of cast iron. Squeeze it slowly and gently to help drain off the dirty, soapy water. Steps. Opean the door and put the dirty wool into it,add wool cleaner,shut the door,the water will into the machine automatically,select the washing time(usually 40 … Myrtlewood. Starting with a greasy fleece, this method will result in a clean, dry fleece in as little as 36-48 hours, with just about an hour of actual working time. Allow the washer to start agitation for a few minutes or until detergent is dissolved. These additional washing tips may be useful: You can use a top-loading washing machine to wash some types of fibers, if you do it carefully. Two keys throughout the process are to maintain a consistent temperature and agitate the wool as little as possible. Add up to approximately 2 pounds of wool, opening it up to remove debris as you go. Cocobolo. Put the wool in the second bath (that bath is the same temperature now as the first bath). Dissolve a gentle cleaner in water first, to prevent it from reacting with the wet … Introduction of Sheep raw wool washing cleaning machine: This wool washing machine made of stainless steel, the material is wearable and easy to clean. Lingerie bags are helpful for keeping the fiber intact. Follow these instructions to avoid felting your wool. The important thing is to make sure the garment is completely still during the process. Here in the San Francisco Bay Area we have excellent water, so Henry didn’t find it necessary to tweak the quantity of soap from the recommended amount. Let it float for a bit and then a little more up/down, up/down. If the ambient temperature is cool (less than 60*F), preheating your tub or wash machine will reduce heat loss, which is critical to maintaining the desired temperature range throughout the process. There are many methods for cleaning fleece, all with the same general principles. Take raw fleece and lay it out on the floor. If your machine has an automatic fabric softener dispenser, fill it with 1 cup vinegar. This particular washing machine’s agitator is broken – which is great as we won’t accidentally use that function to make felt. If the water and detergent can't move through the wool, the wool won't get clean. An overnight soak is critical to priming the fleece for an effective washing by introducing a surfactant that will make the dirt and grease wash away more easily. Washing Your Wool; 1. ”Washing in high temperatures cause wool to shrink” False! Fill washer with HOT water. Garment bags typically hold 3-4 pounds of fleece, lingerie bags typically hold about half a pound. Heating the wool grease and then allowing it to cool on the fiber will bind it to the fiber and make it very difficult to remove. If you're just washing a couple ounces, a large bowl is perfect. Machine Washing Instructions: Here's how I wash fleeces in my washing machine- Fill the tub with hot water. ). Wool will only shrink when you’re combining hot water with motion. Add the wool, making sure the bag or bags are below the surface of the water. Add Unicorn Fibre Rinse and stir in. Add up to approximately 2 pounds of wool, opening it up to remove debris as you go. How to wash silk: The golden rules. Tags – the clumpy bits from near the rear end – and dung can go straight into the compost pile, along with any shorts or second cuts. Easy, step by step instructions for scouring wool at home without felting it. Once the bag or bags of wool are under the water, leave them alone for the entire waiting period. Do not guess on water temperature; use a candy thermometer to make sure you are staying in the proper temperature range. As the hot water travels through (relatively) cold pipes, it will lose temperature. Father and son duo making innovative, generational fiber art equipment in the SF Bay Area since 1970. But if you concentrate on getting the temperature of the water right, using enough detergent, and limiting agitation, you can get very clean, soft wool without felting. Most food warmers also let you select the exact temperature at which you are heating. For the batch process, I use 1/4 cup detergent (Era) for the detergent bath and a couple of tablespoons of vinegar for the vinegar bath. Do anything but agitate the fleece. Remove bag(s) of wool. Cover the sink or tub with a cutting board so that you’re not tempted to mess with it. The steps below are Henry’s process in a washing machine – the order of operations (when to remove fleece or add water) may vary slightly if working with a sink or tub. Turn the heater up to its highest setting and make sure everyone else in the house knows not to use any hot water until you are finished washing and have turned the heat back down to the normal temperature. An alarm, timer, or a similar app on your phone is an important tool for staying on time throughout the process. I quickly found that preparing wool is a labor of love! Now you don’t have to run to the dry cleaner whenever your wool blanket needs refreshing! Most water heaters can replenish the required amount of water in the 20-25-minute range, and a large pot of water will get up to temperature in about the same length of time. A stainless steel electric food warmer is a good solution for washing smaller batches (1-2 pounds at a time) and provides the tub and water heating component in a portable and efficient package. Washing raw wool (often referred to as scouring) removes dirt, straw, and wool grease – lanolin from the sheep fleece. Machines for easy and ecological washing of raw greasy wool | Check out 'Machines for ecological washing of raw greasy wool' on Indiegogo. Drying and Stretching the Wool Garment Soak up water with a towel. Add bag(s) of wool, using plunger to make sure wool is entirely under water. Agitate wool as little as possible. Remove the wool lifting it from the water and squeezing it slowly and gently as you did before. Add a few tablespoons of vinegar to the first bath (the amount is not critical; the vinegar will help cut the excess detergent and leave the wool in a slightly acid environment). Decide how much wool you want to wash at once, and where you want to wash it. A gas water heater is ideal for heating the amount of water needed to wash wool. Henry started with thick plastic netting when he was washing in the sink, but garment bags are so much more manageable and easier to store. Washing raw fleece is a straightforward process, though many different methods exist. Take off the very dirty wool around the edge of the … A bit of vinegar or lemon juice added to the first rinse will keep the fleece soft and return it to its ideal pH, after washing with detergent. While you should always read the care label on your silk items before washing them to check for washing instructions, there are a few golden rules to washing silk that you can follow too. Henry typically puts three to three-and-a-half pounds in a bag, rolling it so the outside of the fleece – typically the dirtiest part – is toward the outside of the bag. Our water heater and washing machine are side by side; we fill almost directly out of the water heater with an insulated rubber hose. A sealed room or area with a dehumidifier speeds up the process, but the result is no different from a day or two in the sun. separately. Washing & Carding Services We can process your raw or pre-washed fleeces into roving or batts at the rates listed below. Crockpots are great for washing small amounts of fiber, especially mohair locks, which need a … Wash wool clothing by hand or on the gentle/delicate cycle in your washing machine. At temperatures below 140*F, the lanolin may reattach itself to the wool fibers which makes it very hard to remove again, so the goal is to keep the water in the 140*F – 160*F range. Suds do not equal cleaner wool. You do not want to attempt measuring 160*F water while you are in the middle of the washing process. Let the water swish through the fleece. When shopping for these bags, the larger the holes in the mesh the better as it will allow for more dirt and vegetable matter to be removed during the spin out. If using a washing machine, this means filling the machine with known quantities of water – one-gallon jugs, two-gallon buckets, etc. Once you're comfortable with the process, you can then wash more at once in a bathtub. Much of the mud will soften and rinse away. Put the lid down on the wash machine. EASY WASHING MACHINE METHOD FOR LARGE AMOUNTS OF RAW WOOL FIBER Fill washing machine with hot water; add soap (see step 1 above) and let agitate a moment. Refill you washtub and get ready for more of the same exercise. We have a dedicated water heater just for this purpose but using a household water heater is fine. How to Wash Raw Wool and Fiber correctly (without felting it!) Wool is a delicate fibre and should always be handled with care. With multiple soaks, Henry has found that one wash and two rinses can be quite effective for washing an alpaca fleece. 650 San Pablo Ave. Pinole, CA 94564 USA, How much fiber do you feed into a drum carder at o, Today is the last day to order in stock items for. Fill your container with HOT water, and add soap. Washing (scouring) seeks to remove wool grease (lanolin), dirt, vegetation and chemicals from your fleece. Wool is an acid fiber and is softest and has a kinder hand when the pH of the washing water remains at 7 (neutral pH) or below. There are several soaps, soaks, detergents, pastes, etc. Once the washing machine is finished, promptly remove your garments both from the machine … The three pieces of equipment needed are a washing tub, a water heating device, and an area to skirt and dry fleece. Use a candy thermometer to check the temperature if you are unsure. Some wool garments are machine washable (but always check the label carefully first). Add bag(s) of wool, using plunger to make sure wool is entirely under water. We offer expertise in a variety of woolen mill services. When wool is machine … Water conditions may also determine the amount of detergent necessary, with hard water requiring more Power Scour. Fill the wash tub with enough cool water to fully immerse the amount of fiber you are washing. designed or capable of scouring wool and other fibers. Overnight Soak with Power Scour in cool water, let sit 10-12 hours. If you’re using a washing machine, you can spin out the wool (as long as it doesn’t spray water into the wool while spinning!). ; Use cold water and your regular laundry detergent, but don’t use laundry detergent with built-in bleaching agents or other fancy add-on ingredients. Depending on the quality of the shearer, shepherd, and/or whoever rolled the fleece, this may or may not be possible. Fine wools have a higher grease content and surface area than long wools and may require more Power Scour. Alpaca and Mohair do not have lanolin and can be washed with one-quarter of the recommended amount of Power Scour and clean best with water in the 110*F – 120*F range. Use a soap MADE FOR WOOL. Most of the time, this method of washing will produce a fleece that is clean enough that any additional dirt will come out in the carding or combing process. This treatment prevents the fibers from locking together and felting. A dedicated mini plunger – not the one from the neareast bathroom – works well for gently pushing the fleece below the surface of the water and will keep your gloved hands out of harm’s way as much as possible. Use a low foam cleaner.. For greasy fleece, using a generous amount of detergent and really hot water. Let it sit for 20-25 minutes. If it's your first time washing wool I would recommend washing your first batch in the sink as it will be easier to manage. Don’t let the wool migrate all over the basin. You can use your washing machine, *BUT ONLY AS A CONTAINER *. A separate area may be used for skirting and drying, but isn’t necessary as they both need the same basic elements: a flat area capable of laying out an entire fleece (or as much as you are washing at one time) with 1/2” to 1” openings for dirt and vegetable matter to fall out when skirting and to allow for air flow when drying. Place on a towel or in an empty tub or container. Repeat step 3 adding a few dollops of vinegar to the rinse water prior to adding wool. We use an old Kenmore High Capacity washing machine. Read a book.