how did daily life differ between athens and sparta?

The child was taken away from his mother at the age of six, and was brought to military war training. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 16, 2020 7:59:10 AM ET. The war lasted nearly 30 years and involved almost every one of the Greek city-states. courses that prepare you to earn In 490 BCE, Persia invaded the Greek islands, and Athens was able to defeat them. Visit the World History: Middle School page to learn more. Athens was an intellectual center with thriving philosophy, art, and architecture, as well as the first true system of democratic government. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Athens and Sparta, though both Greek city-states were different in the way they operated. Consider aspects such as government, geography, art, science, architecture, and the rights of citizens. People in both locations celebrated athletic achievements and military prowess and bravery. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. Athens' government is a democracy, which means citizens have the power. In both, the rich had some sort of power. They were less concerned with philosophy or art than Athenians and had no trouble living underneath a powerful king. Athens and Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. study For Sparta, the strength of the military highly rested on the army, which was comprised of the best-trained and most mighty warriors of ancient times. In Sparta, men were mainly warriors; others were slaves. Athens, located in the Attica region, had a Mediterranean climate with adequate amounts of precipitation. There were two existent forms of government in Ancient Greece, democracy and oligarchy. When comparing power levels and women’s rights, Sparta was a leader in its time. Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. mandatory military service from age 7 to 60. In 490, B. Corwin explains the differences between Athens … On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). How did Athens and Sparta differ quizlet? Known in Greek as Sparti. College Student Uses Free Course to Test Out of General Education Requirement, Test Technician: Job Description, Duties and Requirements, Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… These weren't the only powers in the Mediterranean, however, and the Persian Empire was growing so powerful that they conquered some Greek city-states in modern-day Turkey. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. The Athenian Parthenon was built by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the supervision of Pericles. Actually, very different. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Sparta had recently organized several city-states on the Peloponnesian Peninsula of Greece into their own coalition, the Peloponnesian League. a Peloponnesian League (with Sparta clearly the most powerful). Leader of the Delian League. Both daily life and education were very different in Sparta, than in Athens or in the other ancient Greek city-states. Despite the keen rivalry that developed between Athens and Sparta, the two city states did share many of the same cultural values. In Sparta, a child would almost never get to see his dad whom was away at war or in military training. These two city-states were very different in their daily way of life. Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, who named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Athens. Sophocles, Herodotus, Hippocrates, Socrates, and Pericles, some of the most influential intellectuals in history, were Athenians. Athens sent troops to help the conquered Greeks rebel against Persia in 499 BCE, starting the Persian Wars. The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Children were children of the state more than of their parents. The cultural values of Athens relate to architecture and their religion, while Sparta exemplified warrior values in their cultural values, but both societies shared cultural background rooted in myths and legends. Compare and contrast the ancient Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. they dominated Greek culture and society. Their economy was mainly based on agriculture. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. However, rarely did the two sides fight each other alone. Sparta were no better than Athens and Athens were no better than Sparta. While hegemon, Athens was the center of culture and intellectual development in … just create an account. Form of Government. Which city state was more prosperous: Athens or Sparta? Athens and Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy. Athens can be considered as the fountain of culture and philosophical knowledge. As a result of these differences between Athens and Sparta, daily life was very different between the two city-states and because of their laws, governments and military, your quality of life in each state was very much dependant on which gender you were. Modern day Sparta, which is known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt around 1834. Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. It is common for people to confuse one for the other since both these ancient cities have made far-reaching contributions to governance, arts, culture, and military concepts. Also in a hilly area that provides natural defense. The … Athens was a cultural and creative haven while Sparta was a militaristic society. More specifically, Sparta was different in the way that they treated their women. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. The capital and largest city of Greece. Around 500 BCE, Athens and Sparta were both powerful city-states, although Sparta was stronger and considered itself to be the hegemon. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 After the Persian Wars, Athens became the hegemon and dominated the new coalition of city-states called the Delian League. Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, How Geography & Climate Shaped Early Greek Life, The Peloponnesian War: History, Cause & Result, Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism, Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age, The Struggle of the Orders: Plebeians and Patricians, The Ancient Israelites: History, Religion & Timeline, Romulus and Remus: Story of the Founding of Rome, What Is the Silk Road? Home of many ancient philosophers, historians, and authors. Athens was also an economic center for trading and production. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and the surrounding country under its influence and protection; Athens and its surrounding area, known as Attica, was about the size of Rhode Island). Read More. Athenian woman were treated quite appallingly compared to the standards of today’s women. Sparta was content to keep to itself and provided army and assistance when necessary to other states. Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years, becoming the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium BCE; its cultural achievements during the 5th century BCE laid the foundations of western civilization. Athens has found its name in Greek history for its undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural development and Sparta for its military power. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. While Athens’ culture was one of art, philosophy, and democracy. 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed down to a group of 500, who would then be divided into groups of 50. Delian League (with Athens clearly the most powerful); Athens taxed and protected other city-states. This propelled Athens to become the new hegemon, and for a decade. Web. Athens and Sparta: Life in the cities Greek and Roman Civilization University of the People July, 2017 Abstract Life in the ancient world was not that different from todays, the political life was managed by a minority as well as the majority of the people was on the side following directions from the leading class. Also a Mediterranean climate, but with more rain. For both Athens and Sparta, a lot of their power came from the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars. By age 18 all boys were expected to attend military school. succeed. Land based army with no navy until the end of the Peloponnesian war. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. Create your account. Athens had a Mediterranean climate with great amount of precipitation, whereas Sparta had fairly temperate but very dry climate. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). This soon led to the Peloponnesian War, which Sparta eventually won, but only after nearly all of Greece had been severely weakened by war, leaving it open to conquest by Macedonia. Of the many Greek city-states, two of the most powerful were Sparta and Athens, which competed to be the dominant power known as the hegemon. Family life was very different in Sparta, and in Athens. Log in here for access. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Recognize what a city-state and the hegemon are, Compare and contrast Sparta and Athens in terms of everyday life, Recount the way in which Sparta and Athens came together during the Persian Wars, Explain the result of Peloponnesian War as Sparta and Athens went their separate ways. Life in Sparta was one of simplicity and self-denial. not as military based, and required military service was only two years for citizens. Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open to members of only the highest social standing. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. The classic works of philosophy and art from Greece are largely products of Athens, including major architectural achievements like the giant temple called the Parthenon.
how did daily life differ between athens and sparta? 2021