The best-known of these are the Toda and Kota, Soil maps of nilgiri district is drawn based on the data from studies o n soils of I ndia (S.V. The result of this socio-economic engineering seems to be bearing fruit for the perpetrators of such engineering.  It has an average elevation of 23 m (75 ft).  The British in India mostly ignored the Ghats for two centuries. It is is Located 500 KM East towards State capital Chennai. Ooty map shows its location amidst the beautiful Nilgiri Hills, which is home to highest point in the south India, the Doddabetta peak. One Chinese gardener was critical to the district's future, for he worked with Margaret B. L. Cockburn in Aruvenu, near Kotagiri, to develop Allport's, the first Nilgiri tea plantation, which started operations in 1863. The Nagapattinam–Gudalur National Highway passes through this district. They have developed highly refined red, black and white embroidered shawls, and silver jewellery, which are GI-registered and much sought after. Branches of the natural spring flow through the hill range which add more attraction to this place. Panchalingeswara is surrounded by thick greenery and hillocks. Gudalur Block comprises the taluks of Gudalur and Pandalur. , Odisha freedom fighters like Balaram Raj, Shyamsundar Parida, Kailashchandra Mohanty, Banamali Das, Baishnab Patnaik, Brundaban Chandra Sadangi, Satish Chanrdra Das and Nanda Kishore Patnaik violently fought against the local prince and forced him to surrender to newly formed Indian National Government. The Nilgiris District is one among 32 Districts of Tamil Nadu State,India. Tamil News - Maalaimalar is a top Tamil News website that provides complete live coverage of Latest Nilgiris News in Tamil and updated Tamilnadu News. There are two high schools, K.C.  The annual flower show, organised by the Government of Tamil Nadu at the Botanical Garden in Ooty, is an annual event, known for its display of roses. These include Ooty (Udhgamandalam) (district headquarters), Coonoor, Gudalur and Kotagiri.  The district regularly receives rain during both the Southwest Monsoon and the Northeast Monsoon. Nilagiri has an average literacy rate of 77.46%, higher than the national average of 72.87%: male literacy is 83.21%, and female literacy is 71.47%. Its history can be traced back to paleolithic age. Tourism is an important source of revenue for the Nilgiris. During summer the temperature reaches a maximum of 25 °C (77 °F) and a minimum of 10 °C (50 °F). Since the turn of the 21st century, the Badaga have numbered about 135,000 (18% of the district population), the Toda are barely 1,500 and the Kota just over 2,000. Nilgiris district ranked first in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking districts in Tamil Nadu (not including Chennai) prepared by the Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009. The other main towns in the Nilgiris are Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Wellington.  The temple has the five Lingams of "Lord Shiva" and a waterfall on a hillside. He is from village Sangrampur. In 1870 the practice began of key government personnel moving to the hills to conduct business during summer months in this more temperate climate. The Nilgiri Hills kind of is the meeting point of the Western and Eastern ghats, when viewed in a map(you can see a small curve of mountains), but is completely detached from the Eastern Ghats. It has been the subject of more than 120 doctoral and master's theses in the natural and human sciences. Ooty the “Queen of Hill Stations”, Coonoor 19 kms from Ooty and Kotagiri 31 kms from Ooty, are the three hill stations of this district.. For local concerns, the Nilgiris also has 35 village panchayats and 11 town panchayats.. The Toda had only a few hamlets on the lower Wynaad plateau and in the nearby Biligiriranga hills. Tea grows at elevations of 1,000 to over 2,500 metres.. After 1847 German and Swiss missionaries opened schools for boys and girls in some Badaga villages, teaching them literacy. This underdevelopment has ensured the Badagas need to go outside the district to survive. He interviewed people who identified as Toda and Badega, the latter occupying three villages at that time. 11.4396472478281 76.6392517089844 10 satellite. Other tourist destinations in the district are Pykara Waterfalls and the Ooty Lake, Avalanche and Doddabetta peak. Silent Valley National Park is just to the south and contiguous with these two parks, and covers an area of 89.52 km2.  There is an army contingent at Bandarban Cantonment . Two ecoregions cover portions of the Nilgiris. Book from 367 Hotels Near Nilgiri District Library. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. It is a Swiss-designed rack railway as far as Coonoor. Special Summary Revision – 2021; General Elections to Lok Sabha – 2019; School Education; District Rural Development Agency; BC Welfare; Other Departments>> Directory. Booking.com, being established in 1996, is longtime Europe’s leader in online hotel reservations. Ten Dravidian languages are found only here, and they have been studied in great detail for decades by professional linguists. Udhagamandalam Block comprises the taluks of Udhagamandalam and Kundah. The district comprises six taluks: Udhagamandalam (Ooty/Ootacamund), Kundah, Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Pandalur. Nilgiri District Tourist Map. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. There are 10 Hydel Power Houses (hydroelectric) in this district.. By the end of the 19th century, the hills were completely accessible, as several Ghat roads and the railway line had been constructed. The Nilgiri Biosphere … Tea plantations in Nilgiri District (as in other growing districts of India) typically own and operate their own processing factories.  It serves many of the more heavily populated areas of the district, including Coonoor, Wellington, Aruvankadu, Ketti, Lovedale and Ooty. Malayalam is the second largest language, with 20% speaking it. The Todas and Kota, who are similar in culture, language and genetic ancestry, were settled across the fringes of the Nilgiri plateau, as sentries to the Central district. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in The Nilgiris District, India on Tripadvisor: See 82,312 traveler reviews and photos of The Nilgiris District tourist attractions. , "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)", "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 17-Nilgiri Constituency of Odisha", "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilagiri&oldid=986916161, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 19:09. The railway is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site.  Tea and coffee plantations have been important to its economy. Previous MLAs from this seat were Pratap chandra sarangi (BJP) 2004, Pradipta Panda of CPI(M) in 2000, Akshaya Kumar Acharya representing INC in 1995 and Samarendra Narayan Das INC representing INC(I) in 1980, Chittaranjan Sarangi as independent candidate in 1990, Sukumar Nayak of INC in 1985, Rajendra Chandra Mardaraj of JNP in 1977. It is located in the Western Ghats between 76°- 77°15‘E and 11°15‘ - 12°15‘N. Coonoor Block comprises the taluk of Coonoor. A great deal of linguistic and other cultural evidence—based on unauthentic interpretation of ballads and stories collected from unverifiable individuals—indicates erroneously with a malicious intent that the Badaga non scheduled tribes have lived in nilgiris thousands and thousands of years ago. There is no seaport or airport in the district; the nearest airport is Coimbatore. Under British influence they cultivated English vegetables and later moved on to tea. The South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests lie between 250 and 1000 metres' elevation. These evergreen rain forests are extremely diverse. The district has an area of 2,552.50 km2. The main cultivation is plantation crops such as tea and coffee, but with some cardamom, pepper and rubber too. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. 1. District Gazetteers published by the government (1880, 1908, 1995) were reliable reports on the district, its economy, demography and culture. According to the 2011 census, the Nilgiris district had a population of 735,394 with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929 females. The Nilgiri Ghat Roads link Nilgiris with nearby cities in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. View Location View Map. Map of The Nilgiris District area hotels: Locate The Nilgiris District hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. These forests extend south along the Western Ghats range to the southern tip of India, and are dominated by a diverse assemblage of trees, many of them deciduous during the winter and spring dry season. Check price and Get upto 70% OFF with Nilgiri District Library Hotel Booking . The migration theory is now totally rejected by educated Badagas, as admittedly the land holdings of the district majorly indicates the Badagas as owners in almost all Taluks of the district. We have reviews of the best places to see in The Nilgiris District. This was the beginning of the process of 576 princely states joining Republic of India and thus the making of modern political India.  The district is also home to the Kurumba, Irula, Paniyan and Kattunayakan or Nayaka. Besides these crops, millet, wheat, fruit and vegetables, etc., are also cultivated throughout the district. It has 8th to 9th-century temple ruins, Buddhist and Jainism relics, articles which are shown in the museum established by Government of Odisha at Ajodhya and Maa Marichee Temple. According to a 1996 bibliography of publications of this district, it is probably the most heavily studied rural area anywhere in India, with close to 7,000 items in that list. The Nilgiri Mountain Train, locally known as the Toy Train, attracts tourists as the journey has extensive views of the hills and forests. Please contact the Harvard Map Collection, if you are unable to obtain the data throug the HGL website. The Nilgiri District is the western most district in Tamil Nadu, bordering Kerala and Karnataka.. It has several buildings designed in the British style, particularly the churches, many of which were designed by architect Robert F. The region has also given its name to a number of bird species, including the Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri woodpigeon and Nilgiri blackbird. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Every year Ratha Yatra is observed with all the cults of the gods. High School and R.T. High School in the heart of Nilagiri. The Nilgiri, often referred to as the Nilgiri Hills, are a range of mountains with at least 24 peaks above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft), in the westernmost part of Tamil Nadu state at the junction of Karnataka and Kerala states in Southern India.They are part of the larger Western Ghats mountain chain making up the southwestern edge of the Deccan Plateau. . Paddy is also grown in the Thengumarahada area in Kotagiri Taluk.  A total of 66,799 people were under the age of six, 33,648 males and 33,151 females. Maplandia.com in partnership with Booking.com offers highly competitive rates for all types of hotels in Nilgiris, from affordable family hotels to the most luxurious ones. As of 2011[update] India census, Nilagiri had a population of 17,264 of which 8825 are males constituting 51% of the population and 8439 are females constituting 49% of the total population. Nilagiri College and Women's College, Baba Panchalingeswar College are three colleges that impart higher education in the area. A more detailed exploration was done in the 1818 survey by J.C. Whish, N.W. About District. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. Indian and foreign scholars wrote these works, and only recently have local people published work about it. In Nilagiri, 12.12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Kindersley and Mohammed Rifash Obaidullah for the Madras Civil Service, who reported back that they had discovered "the existence of a tableland possessing a European climate.". The district is bounded by Coimbatore and Palakkad to the south, Erode to the east, Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka and Wayanad district of Kerala to the north, and Malappuram district of Kerala to the west. The district is bounded by Coimbatore and Palakkad to the south, Erode to the east, Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka and Wayanad district of Kerala to the north, and Malappuram district of Kerala to the west. km. In Odisha, people of Nilagiri celebrate this as "The Victorious Uprising of Nilagiri". They were the ancient agriculturists in the district, cultivating traditional crops such as samai, vathm, ragi. The Nilgiris district is one of the 38 districts in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Nilagiri is a very small town and a Notified Area Council in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha. Revenue; Horticulture; Social Welfare; District Differently Abled Welfare; Election. Articles related to the Nilgiris district, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Nilgiris district", https://www.amazon.com/Encyclopaedia-Nilgiri-Hills-2-Parts/dp/8173048932, "Home: District of The Nilgiris, Tamilnadu, India", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census Info 2011 Final population totals", "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu", Indian History Carnival–60: 5th Anniversary Edition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilgiris_district&oldid=998276351, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The area also produces eucalyptus oil and temperate-zone vegetables.  John Sullivan, then the collector of Coimbatore, just south of the Nilgiris, sent two surveyors (W. Keys and C. McMahon) to make a comprehensive study of the hills. View satellite images/ street maps of villages in The Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu, India.  It was filmed in A Passage to India, representing the railway to the caves. The rolling hills of the Downs look quite similar to the Downs in southern England, and were formerly used for such activities as hunting and picnicking. The principal town of the area is Ootacamund, also known as Ooty or Udhagamandalam, the district headquarters. Best The Nilgiris District Resorts on Tripadvisor: Find traveler reviews, candid photos, and prices for 97 resorts in The Nilgiris District, India. Other smaller languages include Irula, Paniya, Toda and Kota. Arthur Wellesley, later the Duke of Wellington, conducted a short military operation in the Wynaad in 1800. These are available to Harvard affiliates for research purposes. Unlike elsewhere in the country, no historical evidence is found of a state on the Nilgiris or that it was part of any ancient kingdom or empire. The entire range, together with portions of the Western Ghats to the northwest and southwest, was included in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in 1986, India's first biosphere reserve. Road network map will help you in traveling Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu. As it is located at the junction of three states namely Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, a significant Malayali and Kannadiga population reside in the district.. It has smaller populations speaking Kannada, Telugu and Urdu, forming 7%, 3% and 2% of the population respectively. Ootacamund is of Toda origin, and Udagamandalam is a very recent Tamil-language version of this place. All the taluks are connected with major roads. kms and is situated in the northwestern part of Tamil Nadu state. Ajodhya is located 15 km from Nilgiri. This land is the major resource amongst the Badagas, which even today most Badagas are ignorant about. Major Districts of Tamil Nadu The Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu is located between 10 - 38 and 11- 49 North Latitude and between 76.0 and 77.15 East Longitude. The first was James W. Breeks, who was called Commissioner. Besides four Municipalities of Ooty, Coonoor, Gudalur and Nelliyalam, there is a Wellington Cantonment and Aruvankadu Township. Certain vested interest have invested in researchers to bring about half-truths about the Badagas. Its history can be traced back to paleolithic age. Its economy is based on commodity crops of tea, coffee, and spices, followed in importance by potato, cabbage, carrot, and fruit. Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are worshiped here. Ooty bus stand serves as the central bus stand for the district, along with Municipal Bus Stand, Coonoor (built in 1960). Maps of District; e-Governance; Departments. The Toda had small hamlets ("mund") across most of the plateau. All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris district. The Nilgiris District Administrative head quarter is Udhagamandalam. Shows trekking routes. They married Tamil Paraiyan women and had children with them. In this district the topography is rolling, with steep escarpments; about 60% of the cultivable land is slopes ranging from 16° to 35°. History. Kotagiri Block comprises the taluk of Kotagiri. The district consists of 56 revenue villages and 15 revenue firkas. Collector Sullivan became the first European resident the next year, when he built a seasonal residence on the plateau.  The village roads are maintained by the Panchayat Union. Many tourists, nature lovers, and spiritual people flock here to enjoy the scenic beauty of the place and to the touch the Shiva Linga located in a pit under the waterfall. There are one district headquarters government hospital, five taluk hospitals, 38 primary health centres, 194 health sub-centres, and five plague circles in the district. More than a dozen languages are spoken in the Nilgiris, but the indigenous people did not write or read them. The area mainly comprises hills and plateaus with Laterite being the main soil type. Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups PVTGs, the dominant land owners of the tribal district. The Blue Mountains were likely named for the widespread blue Strobilanthes flower or the smoky haze enveloping the area. Above 1500 metres' elevation, the evergreen forests begin to give way to stunted forests, locally called sholas, which are interspersed with open grassland The high grasslands are home to the endangered Nilgiri tahr, which resembles a stocky goat with curved horns. The process of 576 princely states joining Republic of India II Power Houses ( hydroelectric ) in this district the!. 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