[174][176] There are eight publicly known OT levels, OT I to VIII. [117] In 1965, a longtime Church member and "Doctor of Scientology" Jack Horner (born 1927), dissatisfied with the Church's "ethics" program, developed Dianology. Learn More. [168][170], From 1969, CCHR has campaigned in opposition to psychiatric treatments, electroconvulsive shock therapy, lobotomy, and drugs such as Ritalin and Prozac. [42] His ship sustained minor damage and three crew were injured. Scientology goes beyond this and refers to their religio-therapeutic practices as religious technology. [482], In April 2015, following the recent release of Going Clear: Scientology and the Prison of Belief, Saturday Night Live aired a music video featuring the "Church of Neurotology", a parody of Scientology's 1990 music video "We Stand Tall". Hubbard contributed until his death in 1986. The Church of Scientology and its A-List supporters are not backing down so easily following a controversial lawsuit, a source exclusively reveals in the new issue of Us Weekly — details [357][358][359], The Church of Scientology has often encountered opposition due to its strong-arm tactics directed against critics and members wishing to leave the organization. What are some of the core tenets of Scientology? [151] At the more advanced OT levels, Scientologists act as their own auditors ("solo auditors"). Scientology is a set of religious beliefs created by science fiction writer L. Ron Hubbard. [285], In 2003, The Times of India reported "Forced abortions, beatings, starvation are considered tools of discipline in this church [sic]". The ruling ended a five-year legal battle by Scientologist Louisa Hodkin, who sought the legal right to marry at the Church of Scientology chapel in central London. Most recently the Italian Supreme Court agreed with the American IRS that the organization's financial system is analogous to the practices of other groups and not out of line with its religious purposes. [247], Reports and allegations have been made, by journalists, courts, and governmental bodies of several countries, that the Church of Scientology is an unscrupulous commercial enterprise that harasses its critics and brutally exploits its members. It appears in a letter by Eric Blair (known the world as George Orwell) to his friend, Jack Common, dated 16-February-38 (February 16, 1938), and was published in Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, vol. [429] The scholar Marco Frenschkowski (University of Mainz) has stated that it was not easy for Hubbard "to come to terms with the spiritual side of his own movement. It may be a religion but I don’t believe it is Christian but from the other source other than God if you know what I mean. The subject (called Technology or Tech in Scientology jargon) is structured in a series of levels (or gradients) of gradually increasing complexity. However, the issuance of the message led to a great deal of public criticism by free-speech advocates. [223] In a Church of Scientology policy letter in 1973, L. Ron Hubbard wrote, "The purpose of [the] Celebrity Centre is, to forward the expansion and popularization of Scientology through the arts. The organization says that the secrecy is warranted to keep its materials' use in context and to protect its members from being exposed to materials they are not yet prepared for.[147]. [470][471], The ARC and KRC triangles are concept maps which show a relationship between three concepts to form another concept. [49] Arthur J. Burks, who read the work in 1938, later recalled it discussed the "one command": to survive. [327] Calling the action by the Church of Scientology a form of Internet censorship, participants of Anonymous coordinated Project Chanology, consisting a series of denial-of-service attacks against Scientology websites, prank calls, and black faxes to Scientology centers. [297][298], Australian Senator Nick Xenophon gave a speech to the Australian Parliament in November 2009, about statements he had received from former Scientologists. [144], Scientology asserts that people have hidden abilities which have not yet been fully realized. In addition, the group maintains fully-furnished homes in multiple locations intended to eventually accommodate the reincarnated L. Ron Hubbard. It is seen as an anticonstitutional sect and a new version of political extremism and because there is "evidence for intentions against the free democratic basic order" it is observed by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution. Scientology has had a long run of devil’s luck, other than perhaps just the Snow White episode, that has allowed them to more or less get away with imagining that they don’t have to be “reasonable” and deal with reality – and even often with dodging … [301] "Aaron says women who fell pregnant were taken to offices and bullied to have an abortion. [197][387], In conjunction with the Church of Scientology's request to be officially recognized as a religion in Germany, around 1996 the German state Baden-Württemberg conducted a thorough investigation of the group's activities within Germany. The OT level teachings include accounts of various cosmic catastrophes that befell the Thetans. [476], According to David G. Bromley, religious studies professor, working toward being an "Operating Thetan" means moving up the Bridge to Total Freedom, "which at the highest level transcends material law". "[197] Hugh B. [168][169] Thereafter, Hubbard criticized psychiatry as a "barbaric and corrupt profession". Hubbard spent three semesters at George Washington University (in Washington, D.C.), but was placed on probation in September 1931. Other Scientology-related organizations include: According to leaked tax documents, the Church of Scientology International and Church of Spiritual Technology in the US had a combined $1.7 billion in assets in 2012, in addition to annual revenues estimated at $200 million a year. After explaining these beliefs, the character representing the Church of Scientology's president ultimately reveals to Stan that the organization is in reality a money-making scam. [442], The general orientation of Hubbard's philosophy owes much to Will Durant, author of the popular 1926 classic The Story of Philosophy; Dianetics is dedicated to Durant. "[418] Flinn further states that religion requires "beliefs in something transcendental or ultimate, practices (rites and codes of behavior) that re-inforce those beliefs and, a community that is sustained by both the beliefs and practices", all of which are present within Scientology. 203–204. Scientology spricht das geistige Wesen an – nicht einfach nur den Körper oder den Verstand – und glaubt, dass der Mensch weit mehr als ein Produkt seiner Umgebung oder seiner Gene ist. [73] Dr. Winter, hoping to have Dianetics accepted in the medical community, submitted papers outlining the principles and methodology of Dianetic therapy to the Journal of the American Medical Association and the American Journal of Psychiatry in 1949, but these were rejected. [59][60][61][62] In the same year, he published the book-length Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, considered the seminal event of the century by Scientologists. The Church of Scientology threatened to “end” The Daily Beast like Gawker while boasting “the world would be in a better place” if it took the steps they did to combat coronavirus. B023193, July 18, 1989, Hamburg Regional Office of the German Constitutional Security Agency. On the contrary, one discovers for oneself that the principles of Scientology are true by applying its principles and observing or experiencing the results. [447] Hubbard was friends with fellow science fiction writer A. E. van Vogt, who explored the implications of Korzybski's non-Aristotelian logic in works such as The World of Null-A, and Hubbard's view of the reactive mind has clear and acknowledged parallels with Korzybski's thought; in fact, Korzybski's "anthropometer" may have been what inspired Hubbard's invention of the E-meter. Scientologists at advanced levels place considerable emphasis on isolating body Thetans and neutralizing their ill effects. Scientology is best described as a New Religious Movement. [299] According to the letters presented by Senator Xenophon, the organization was involved in "ordering" its members to have abortions. and extortion. [411], Describing the available scholarship on Scientology, David G. Bromley and Douglas E. Cowan stated in 2006 that "most scholars have concluded that Scientology falls within the category of religion for the purposes of academic study, and a number have defended the Church [sic] in judicial and political proceedings on this basis. [261] L. Ron Hubbard was convicted in absentia by French authorities of engaging in fraud and sentenced to four years in prison. [437] Gregory Reece, in his book UFO Religion: Inside flying saucer cults and culture, writes: Scientology is unique within the UFO culture because of this secretiveness, as well as because of the capitalist format under which they operate. The series follows Remini and former Scientology executive Mike Rinder as they explore the history and workings of the Church, discuss their experiences and interview ex-members willing to speak out about alleged abuses of the Church. [45] According to his later teachings, during this time Hubbard made scientific "breakthroughs" by use of "endocrine experiments". [370] According to the Church of Scientology's version of events, the meeting was an opportunity for the organization to offer to end its long dispute with the IRS, including the dozens of suits brought against the agency, in exchange for the exemptions that Scientology believed it deserved. [313] The Church of Scientology was forced to issue a press release acknowledging the existence of this cosmogony, rather than allow its critics "to distort and misuse this information for their own purposes". [426][427][428], Hubbard grew up in a climate that was very critical of organized religion, and frequently quoted anti-religious sentiments in his early lectures. [309][310] A New Cult Awareness Network was set up with Scientology backing, which operates as an information and networking center for non-traditional religions, referring callers to academics and other experts. These are the OT levels, the levels above Clear, whose contents are guarded within Scientology. This occurred after the teachings were submitted as evidence in court cases involving Scientology, thus becoming a matter of public record. [68] Rutgers scholar Beryl Satter says that "there was little that was original in Hubbard's approach", with much of the theory having origins in popular conceptions of psychology. [387] The IRS cited a statement frequently attributed to Hubbard that the way to get rich was to found a religion. They perceive that Scientology is based on verifiable technologies, speaking to Hubbard's original scientific objectives for Dianetics, based on the quantifiability of auditing on the E-meter. “Scientology is a body of know-how that is supposed to enable a person to make rational decisions in life…But it's structured and it's called auditing. ", "Scientology in Turmoil: Debbie Cook's E-Mail, Annotated", "So This New Paul Thomas Anderson Movie Is Definitely About Scientology, Right? [271], Scientology has historically engaged in hostile action toward its critics; executives within the organization have proclaimed that Scientology is "not a turn-the-other-cheek religion". "[362] In August 1993, a settlement was reached; the organization would receive its tax-exempt status and end its legal actions against the IRS and its personnel. [141] However, these services and the clergy who perform them play only a minor role in Scientologists' religious lives. It's a mix of things unlike any other religious group out there. Scientology is a set of beliefs and practices invented by American author L. Ron Hubbard, and an associated movement. '"[129] He defined Scientology's aims as: "A civilization without insanity, without criminals and without war; where the world can prosper and honest beings can have rights, and where man is free to rise to greater heights, are the aims of Scientology". You also have the option of receiving more information on Scientology. Karen Christensen, David Levinson (2003): Benjamin J. Hubbard/John T. Hatfield/James A. Santucci. Scientology comprises a body of knowledge which extends from certain fundamental truths. [237] This does not include assets and revenue of International Association of Scientologists. [304] Underwood was the executive director of Scientology's branch in Sydney, Australia. – The Atlantic", "Belgium will try two Scientology organizations and 10 Scientologists for fraud ' The Underground Bunker", "Our man in Europe reports on Belgium's criminal prosecution of Scientology ' The Underground Bunker", "Scientology: Belgium court acquits church of organised crime charges – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "News and Notes: Scientology Libel Action", "Exclusive: 'Tom Cruise: An Unauthorized Biography' – Read an excerpt from Andrew Morton's controversial new book", "Scientology Accused of Human Trafficking", "Scientologists forced me to have two abortions", "Scientologists forced me to have two abortions, ex-disciple says", "Scientologists pressured me to have abortions", "Church of Scientology accused of torture and forced abortions", "Australian PM voices 'concerns' over Scientology", "Scientology faces allegations of abuse and covering up deaths in Australia", "Scientology faces allegations of torture in Australia: Australian prime minister considers inquiry after senator tables allegations including forced abortions, assault and blackmail", "Pressure mounts for Scientology inquiry", "Church attacked for 'criminal' activities", "Scientologists reject claims they forced abortions", "Lawsuits against the Church of Scientology are piling up, alleging a vast network of human trafficking, child abuse, and forced labor", "Group that once criticized Scientologists now owned by one", "A Letter from the Church of Scientology", "Anonymous threatens to "dismantle" Church of Scientology via internet", "Hacker Group Declares War On Scientology: Group Upset Over Church's Handling Of Tom Cruise Video", "Anonymous hackers take on the Church of Scientology", "Online group declares war on Scientology", "War Breaks Out Between Hackers and Scientology – There Can Be Only One", "Where to find the Tom Cruise Scientology videos online, if they're still posted", "Internet Group Declares "War on Scientology": Anonymous are fighting the Church of Scientology and the Religious Technology Center", "Anonymous Versus Scientology: Cyber Criminals or Vigilante Justice? [135], Many Scientologists avoid using the words "belief" or "faith" to describe how Hubbard's teachings impacts their lives. [147] This restores them to their natural condition as Thetans and enables them to be at cause in their daily lives, responding rationally and creatively to life events rather than reacting to them under the direction of stored engrams. Scientology further holds Man to be basically good, and that his spiritual salvation depends upon himself, his fellows and his attainment of brotherhood with the universe. Developed by L. Ron Hubbard, Scientology is a religion that offers a precise path leading to a complete and certain understanding of one’s true spiritual nature and one’s relationship to self, family, groups, Mankind, all life forms, the material universe, the spiritual universe and the Supreme Being. 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